Services >> Vaccines
We offer numerous vaccines here at the clinic. Please read below to learn more. We follow guidelines from AAFP/AFM Advisory Panel on Feline Vaccines, AAHA Canine Vaccine Task Force, World Small Animal Veterinary Association and UC Davis. Besides rabies vaccines in dogs, all other vaccines are recommended and guidelines are generalized. During your appointment, vaccine recommendations are tailored to each individual patient and will be dependent on the health of the patient, and lifestyle.
Furthermore, if you are boarding your pets, please review what vaccines are required. As of 2022 dog daycares/boarding facilities in the local area now require leptospirosis and canine influenza vaccines in addition to DAPP, rabies and bordetella vaccines.
The American Animal Hospital Association (AAHA) states that dogs should receive canine distemper, hepatitis, parvovirus, parainfluenza (DHPP or DAPP) vaccines and a rabies vaccine. In the state of California, due to the risk of zoonotic spread and infection (even in urban areas), leptospirosis vaccines are also now a core vaccine. There is a significant morbidity and mortality for these infectious diseases and the risk of these infectious diseases are widely spread. Vaccines, overall, protect dogs from the disease or death from the disease.
Puppies (less than 16 weeks) should receive their first set of vaccines by eight weeks of age, and as early as 6 weeks and receive a booster every three to four weeks till sixteen weeks of age. At sixteen weeks of age, research has shown that the vaccine is good for a year at that point. For dogs who are older than 16 weeks, two doses are required, with a booster dose three to four weeks post first vaccination.
UC Davis has released an article discussing the risk of puppy socialization being greater than that of an infectious disease. Please refer to this article for dogs under 14 weeks and in their vaccination series.
Per California State Law, canines must be up to date and vaccinated for rabies. We recommend that puppies receive their rabies vaccination during the vaccination series or at the end of the vaccines series. Any adult dogs with unknown or no vaccine history should receive a rabies vaccine. The first vaccine is good for a year and the booster after is good for three years, when using an approved three year vaccine. After a rabies vaccination is completed, you may license your dog with the county of residence, we do not do the licensing.
Leptospirosis is an infection caused by a spirochete that is capable of causing organ failure and death. In the last decade, there has been an increase in the disease to small-breed urban canines. It can spread from contaminated water that is infected from wildlife. Leptospirosis not only infects canines, but has zoonotic potential, which means it can also infect and spread to humans.
At Moore Vet Care, we use a leptospirosis vaccine that has less additives to decrease risk of vaccination reactions. A leptospirosis vaccine is a two part series with an annual booster dose. The second dose in the series should be given two to four weeks post first vaccination and then annually thereafter.
Canine Parainfluenza and Bordetella bronchiseptica
There are many different infectious agents for canine infectious respiratory disease complex (CIRDC), with parainfluenza and Bordetella bronchiseptica being one cause. Bordetella is typically associated with the phrase “kennel cough”, however, there are various different infectious agents that can cause disease. The vaccine is an oral vaccine and is labeled to have adequate protection for one year. Puppies and other unvaccinated dogs only require one dose for the vaccine. For maximum protection, it is recommended to give a bordetella vaccine one week prior to boarding. At Moore Veterinary Care, we offer a one year oral bordetella.
Canine Influenza Virus
In 2003, there were dogs with canine infectious respiratory disease complex (CIRDC) that had a higher mortality than the normal “kennel cough”. The virus causes signs of upper respiratory tract issues and in some cases more severe signs include hemorrhagic pneumonia. There are two strains of canine influenza, H3N8 and H3N2. In 2017, cases of H3N2 were identified in California. The vaccine is a two part series, with the booster being two to four weeks apart. After the initial series, the vaccine requires an annual booster.
At Moore Vet Care, we use a bivalent vaccine, meaning that we protect against both strains of the virus. Please note, canine influenza is different from parainfluenza.
Canine Rattlesnake Vaccine
The canine rattlesnake vaccine does not lead to immunity from the venom, but rather is an attempt to increase time to get to an emergency facility and hopefully need less anti-venom. The best prevention is training and avoidance. Vaccination is recommended in the spring time and is a two part series that is four to six weeks apart.
We currently do not offer non-core vaccines here at Moore Vet Care. Furthermore, we use purevax vaccines that are 0.5mL (instead of 1mL) and have undergone further purification to decrease the risk of vaccine-associated sarcomas in cats. Core vaccines for felines include Feline Herpesvirus 1, Feline Calicivirus and Feline Panleukopenia Virus Vaccines (FVRCP), feline leukemia virus (FeLV) and rabies.
Feline Herpesvirus 1, Feline Calicivirus and Feline Panleukopenia Virus Vaccines (FVRCP)
Kittens (less than 16 weeks) should receive their first set of vaccines by eight weeks of age, and as early as 6 weeks and receive a booster every three to four weeks till sixteen weeks of age with the one year booster at 16 weeks or older. Cats older than 16 weeks require two doses three to four weeks apart. We offer both intranasal and subcutaneous vaccines. During your appointment, discuss which vaccine form and why will determine which can or should be given!
We recommend that kittens receive their rabies vaccination during the vaccination series or at the end of the vaccines series. Any adult cat with unknown or no vaccine history should receive a rabies vaccine. Please look into county regulations regarding the requirement of the vaccine. We currently use the purevax recombinant rabies vaccine that is good for one year, as there is evidence that compared to the killed rabies vaccine, there is an associated decrease risk of vaccine-associated sarcomas in cats.
Feline Leukemia Virus
Feline leukemia virus is a contagious infection from cat to cat and can adversely affect many aspects of a cat’s health. It can decrease their immune system which leads to an increased risk of vulnerability to secondary infections, can lead to cancer and other medical issues. We recommend any stray kitten or cat be tested for feline leukemia virus (FeLV), Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV) and heartworm. Read about the in-house testing.
For negative FeLV kittens we recommend vaccinating during the kitten vaccine series, with a two dose requirement two to four weeks apart and an annual booster therefore after as we use the recombinant vaccine that is labeled for a year. Any outdoor cat, we highly recommend keeping up to date on this vaccine due to the risk of contact with an unknown FeLV cat. Discussion for indoor cats can be done during your appointment.
Rabbit Hemorrhagic Fever Vaccine
Moore Vet Care is happy to announce we now carry the RHDV2 vaccine! In February 2020, the lethal and highly contagious foreign disease, the rabbit hemorrhagic disease virus serotype 2 (RHDV2) was found for the third time and since then has spread across the United States. This particular strain not only affects wild rabbits but also domestic. Infected rabbits may show signs of the disease, however, unfortunately most times the only sign is sudden death. The virus can spread from the stool or blood of an infected rabbit to the surrounding environment (water, food, humans, etc) and survive without a host. There have also been incidents of spread originating from insects.
The FDA has approved for emergency use of a RHDV2 vaccine to be used. In trials, 100% of vaccinated rabbits survived when challenged to the disease. The vaccine has been shown to be safe for rabbits over the age of 4 weeks and is a two part series with an annual booster. The second dose is given 21 days after the original or first vaccine. Please call or text to ensure we have it in stock or have the time to order it.
Canine Distemper and Rabies
Rabies can infect any mammal, and if anything were to occur (scratches or bites) proof of a rabies vaccine may be legally required. Furthermore, if a ferret contracts rabies, there is a high mortality rate with death typically within a few days.
Rabies is not the only lethal disease for ferrets. Canine distemper has a 100% mortality rate in unvaccinated ferrets. Ferrets require a series of three shots their first year and an annual booster to protect against distemper. Typically the first shot starts between the age of 6-8 weeks, with the booster being 10-12 weeks and the final shot at 14-16 weeks. Canine distemper is spread via airborne pathways as well as hitchhiking on shoes, clothes etc. There is only one vaccine that has been approved for canine distemper vaccination in ferrets. Please call or text to ensure we have it in stock or have the time to order it.